pain in the arts
2D/3D Art & Video
pain on the different side

Black magic:dark culture break a leg:bad fall game on: wild nerve wet and dry: painful seasonal extremes tattoo: chaos and order dirty streets: pollution torn jeans: hard to mend shattered glass: broken dreams blood sweat and fears:
gladiator combat


1/Black F.G



4/Oh! Porto


6/Gay Paris

7/Raging Bull

8/Statue of David



fashion & art: hard cheese

crystals: macaroni

hot muffins: rice pudding

burning ambition: beetroot

vaccination: hard toffees

stain glass

windows: barbed wire

sharp wit: biting winds

tattoos: tattoos

cats: nettles

It should be pointed out that Doug likes and dislikes tattoos as they form not only a graphic form of art but an unfortunate impairment of the skin.


"In humans, pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. Whether animals apart from humans also experience pain is contentious. The standard measure of pain in humans is how a person reports that pain."

" Pain"is defined by the International Association for the study of Paris as " an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in such terms of such damage"

"Only the person experiencing the pain can know
the pain's quality and intensity and the degree
of suffering.However, for non-human animals it
is harder, if even possible, to know whether an emotional experience has occurred."

"Therefore,this concept is often excluded in definitions of PAIN IN ANIMALS such as that provided by Zimmerman " an aversive sensory experience caused by actual or potential injury that elicits protective motor and vegetative reactions, results in learned avoidance and may modify species-specific behaviour, including
social behaviour."

" Non human animals cannot report their feelings to language-using humans in the same manner as human communication, but observation of their behaviour provides a reasonable indication as to the extent of the pain. Just as with doctors and medics who sometimes share no common language with their patient, the indicators of pain can still be understood."


"Thermal images have been used in a number of
disciplines to record animal surface temperatures and as a result detect temperature distributions
and abnormalities requiring a particular course
of action. Some work with animals in early stages of disease."

"Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI) or thermography, is a highly sensitive diagnostic test that scans and measures infrared radiation or heat at the body�s skin surface."

"Unlike other diagnostic tests such as radiographs (x-ray), magnetic resonance (MR) and ultrasound that utilize differences in tissue densities, thermography utilizes physiology and function for results."

"While it is not intended to replace other diagnostic imaging, tests recommended by your veterinarian, its value is in its ability to screen and detect dysfunction early, in many cases weeks before it would be clinically apparent or detectable by other diagnostic tests."

"DITI is extremely cost effective in that it allows us to hone in and localize the dysfunction, eliminating numerous expensive and unnecessary tests."

"Early and focused detection of pathology leads to a quicker diagnosis and generally leads to an improved outcome for your animal companion"

"Thermography can be done in home, barn or clinic. Transporting animals can be very stressful, so this helps to minimizes stress for many patients."

"Although there are certain criteria that
Veterinarians can use to rate pain levels in animals, much of it is guesswork, which can often lead to inappropriate pain management."

"Thermal imaging gives a graphic display of the subjective feeling of pain by objectively displaying the changes in skin surface temperature that accompany pain states This allows us to recognize it, treat it and monitor response to therapy."

"Thermal Imaging can also be used for:-

�Evaluating pain
�Wellness screening/early detection program
�Assessing lameness
�Ligament, tendon, or muscle sprains/strains
�Inflammatory processes
�Neurological dysfunction
�Monitoring healing and response to treatment
��and more"


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